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extinction of behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement

behaviors maintained with negative reinforcement are placed on escape extinction when those behaviors are not followed by termination of the aversive stimulus; emitting the target behavior does not enable the person to escape the aversive situation Wearing goggles for eye-poking. In the absence of social mediation, one can assume a target behavior is maintained by automatic reinforcement. automatic reinforcement (unconditioned, conditioned, etc. Punishment has been shown to be an effective treatment for several topographies of problem behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement (Ahearn, Clark, MacDonald, Chung, & Padding a desk to reduce noise from pencil-tapping. Extinction of behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement is … The process by which behaviors maintained with automatic reinforcement are placed on extinction by masking or removing the sensory consequence. Planned ignoring would only extinguish a behavior if the reinforcement was attention. The evaluation and treatment of aggression maintained by attention and automatic reinforcement. Covert self-injurious behavior (i.e., behavior that occurs in the absence of other people) can be difficult to treat. PB in the general population! Review of Literature Punishment and Extinction Interventions. Automatic reinforcement refers to situations in which behavior is maintained by operant mechanisms independent of the social environment. Each of these procedures is discussed further in the following section. Extinction procedures apply the "principle of extinction" which proposes that because behaviours occur for a reason - they get us things we want - if we stop getting what we want after we engage in a certain behaviour then that behaviour will eventually stop occurring because it no … These sessions may not be an optimal method to examine the influence of the MO on extinction, because reinforcement continues to be delivered (albeit on an FT schedule). Examples: Pillow under head for head-banging. 2007). ² Substance abuse (narcotics, alcohol, tobacco)! into punishment and extinction, differential reinforcement, and noncontingent reinforcement. Karen A Toussaint. However, relatively few studies have examined the analysis and treatment of behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement (in the absence of the social environment). R-S … Mittens on hands for nose-picking. Extinction of Behavior Maintained by Automatic ReinforcementBehaviors maintained by automatic reinforcement are placed on extinction (a.k.a. Behaviors maintained by automatic reinforcement (sensory) are placed on extinction by masking or removing the sensory consequence. For example, sources of reinforcement are often difficult or impossible to identify, manipulate, or control. REDUCING COVERT SELF-INJURIOUS BEHAVIOR MAINTAINED BY AUTOMATIC REINFORCEMENT THROUGH A VARIABLE MOMENTARY DRO PROCEDURE. ), but the behavior decreases (e.g., touching a hot stove, stepping in dog poop, “putting your foot in your mouth” Automatic Extinction • Skinner also suggests automatic extinction • “When, as a listener, a man acquires discriminative However, during the attention-extinction sessions, the therapist continued to deliver attention using differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (FT 30-s schedule). Extinction burst almost always occurs. Extinction involves removing the reinforcer maintaining a behavior (in this case, no longer providing attention or verbal feedback), which functions to reduce the frequency of the behavior. KW - Autism. Rincover posited that masking the sensory consequences hypothesized to maintain a behavior would result in extinction. Vaughn and Michael (1982) concluded that automatic reinforcement refers to situations in which behavior is maintained by operant mechanisms independent of the social environment. Recently, however, researchers have evaluated the use of arbitrary reinforcers (e.g., positive reinforcers) to decrease problem behavior maintained by negative reinforcement, particularly in the absence of extinction. One of the earliest studies to investigate aberrant behavior maintained by automatic reinforcement examined “sensory extinction” (Rincover, 1978).

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