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euphorbiaceae family pdf

In Jatropha the inflorescence is of cymose type and the flowers are arranged in terminal cymes. The stem is branched. How to say Euphorbiaceae in English? divided into 8 major tribes ; consists of 300 species and over 5000 genera ; Euphorbia, the type genus is not a typical member due to extreme simplicity of flws. Phyllanthus reticulatus; (Verna.-Panjoli)- A climbing shrub, commonly found in Northern India. In many Euphorbia sp., the stems become fleshy, green and cactus like in appearance. Answer Now and help others. Share Your PPT File. The bark is used for tanning. Darker squares represent higher density of members of this family. The leaves are edible. In majority of cases either calyx or corolla or both are absent. Euphorbia tirucalli, (Verna.-Tohar)-Succulent spineless small tree, native of Africa. Chrozophora prostrata (Verna-Subali)-The root ashes are given to the children for cough treatment. In Euphorbia hirta both the whorls of calyx and corolla are absent. largest genera are Phyllanthus, Euphorbia, Croton, Acalypha; 14 Economic Importance. Cosmopolitan, mainly in tropics, but excluded from Antarctica. This enormous genus belongs to the very diverse Euphorbia Family (Euphorbiaceae) with at least 7,500 species. What are complement proteins? 16. Numerous species that originate from the temperate regions have become invasive. The wood yields excellent charcoal. Introduction to Euphorbiales 2. E. splendens; A small climbing shrub; native of Madagascar. In Euphorbia sp., each male flower is represented by a single stalked stamen. 20. Ricinus communis; (Eng.-castor-oil plant; Verna-Arand)-A small tree, cultivated chiefly in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Orissa. An Overview on Family – Chenopodiaceae | Botany, An Overview on Family – Amarantnaceae | Botany, An Overview on Family- Papilionaceae |Botany. Stem- herbaceous or woody, aerial, erect, branched, solid cylindrical, latex present. The fruits are also used in diarrhoea and dysentery. Occasionally, both calyx and corolla are present, e.g., Croton. The Euphorbiaceae display a great variety of growth forms, including at least 17 "models" of Hallk. Acalypha wilkesiana- (Eng. 35. Some of the important ones are given below: 2. In many species the leaves and bracts become coloured and showy to attract the insects. Sometimes anemophily is also found. The arrangement is usually alternate but sometimes they are opposite, e.g., Euphorbia hirta. 3 carpels (tricarpellary), syncarpous, ovary superior, trilocular, covered with spiny outgrowths, axile placentation, single large ovlue in each locule, three styles, three bifid stigmas. In many the stamens are indefinite, e.g., Croton. In common English, they are sometimes called euphorbias, which is also the name of a genus in the family. In Jatropha sp., the stipules become branched and hair-like. Euphorbia aeruginosa. Three carpels (tricarpellary), syncarpous; the ovary is trilocular, superior. Racemose, raceme, male flowers on the upper portion, female flowers on the lower portion of inflorescence. Many species contain milky latex, and some are … … It may be cylindrical, angular or flat. Hallier included the family Euphorbiaceae in his Passionales, Rendle and Hutchinson placed the family in the order Euphorbiales. Hypogynous; actinomorphic; unisexual; petals usually absent, if present sometimes quite sympetalous (Jatropha)-, syncarpous with 1-2 ovules pendulous from the inner angle; stamens various; seeds often with a conspicuous caruncle; endosperms mostly copious; stipules mostly present. The filaments may be free or united. Euphorbia ingens (common tree euphorbia; gewone naboom [A]; mokgoto [NS]) grows into a tree of 15 m high and is characteristic of wooded areas in the northern regions of southern Africa. It is an excellent focus plant that attracts many insects and birds to the garden. In Euphorbia, the inflorescence is peculiar but very characteristic and known as cyathium. The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. Croton oblongifolius; (Verna-Chuka) – The seeds yield an oil, which is used as a purgative and also as an insecticide. 24. In Ricinus caruncle develops from the micropyle. Tragia involucrate; (Verna-Barhaita)-The roots and fruits are used medicinally. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees. The plants of this family are found throughout the world. (Photo: GN). Privacy Policy3. In Jatropha sp., both calyx and corolla are present. 19. Spurge Family Spurge Family Geoffrey A. Levin. What is the significance of transpiration? In many cases the leaves are reduced to spines. 5 petals, polypetalous, twisted aestivation. In Euphorbia the perianth is absent or represented by tiny scaly structures. The bark is used as a tan. The soft wood is used for light wooden doors, planks and even canoes. The bracts are being arranged like a perianth. Pedicellate, bracteate, unisexual, incomplete, hypogynous. Southern Africa has higher levels of diversity along the south and east coast from Port Elizabeth to Durban and on the Mpumalanga escarpment to the Soutpansberg. The bracts are so united that they form a cup-like structure. Erect, cylindrical, branched, solid, and glabrous. Bentham and Hooker have included nine families in the series Unisexuales. Erect, herbaceous, branched, rough, latex present, solid, cylindrical. In this contribution it is treated in a very broad and liberal sense to include the Phyllanthaceae, Picrodendraceae and Putranjivaceae. In Ricinus sp., usually five stamens are present, each stamen is profusely branched. Heath like Euphorbias are quite common in Australia. Spirostachys, Croton) �. What we do. There are about 283 genera and 7,300 species in this family. Usually the leaves are simple but in some they are deeply incised, e.g., Ricinus, Manihot, etc. 10. The aestivation is valvate or imbricate. The seed is used as a fish poison. Oil also used as biodiesel. Jatropha hastate; Grown as an ornamental for bright crimson flowers. The root bark is also used as a purgative. Pronunciation of Euphorbiaceae with 3 audio pronunciations, 3 synonyms, 2 meanings, 4 translations, 4 sentences and more for Euphorbiaceae. Just better. The fruits are edible. Usually as many stamens are present as many perianth leaves. Euphorbia horrida. 27. The Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae) is a large family of flowering plants with 300 genera and around 7,500 species. 4. Some, such as Euphorbia canariensis, are succulent and resemble cacti because of convergent evolution. Stem: Herbaceous and fleshy; sPiny; Leaver Sessile or petiolate; alternate; simple; there is general tendency of reduction in leaves. The seed cake is used as a fertilizer. The sp., of Trewia and Bridelia bear drupe fruit. Baccaurea sapida- (Verna-Lathua)-Found in Assam, Bengal and Andaman Islands The fruits are edible. Found in a wide variety of habitats, e.g. The fruits are edible. Acalypha; genus Acalypha (a genus of herbs and shrubs belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae). The inflorescence varies greatly. The 3 first ones are uni-ovulate families while the 2 last one are bi-ovulate. Inflorescence-special, cyathium, bracts red and leaf-like, male flowers surround the female flower. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. The anthers are dithecous. The seeds are the source of castor-oil, which is mainly used as a lubricant and as a purgative. Anatomical characters particularly useful for classification include wood structure, laticifer type, trichomes, and stomata. 3. Latex is often present. The plants may be herbs, shrubs or trees. Euphorbia hirta, E. thymifolia, E. helioscopica, E. peplus; E. heterophylla, E. cristata, E. elegans; Phyllanthus niruri, Croton sp., Acalypha indica, etc., are annual or prennial herbs. Euphorbia family. The tuberous roots of cassava (*Manihot esculenta), is one of the major sources of food (starch) in tropical regions. Many herbaceous species also grow in temperate and moderately cold zones (except the arctic and antarctic). The milky latex is toxic and caustic, but if applied correctly can be used medicinally as a purgative or for the treatment of ulcers. The fruits are schizocarpic. [citation needed] Most [citation needed] spurges are herbs, but some, especially in the tropics, are shrubs or trees.Some are succulent and resemble cacti because of convergent evolution. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. In Croton and Ricinus the flowers are arranged in terminal racemes. The juice of the plant is also used as a strong purgative. Kiganelia reticulate; Syn. 29. Jatropha gossypifolia L. Vernat Bherenda: Erect, branched, solid, cylindrical, woody, hairy, gland dotted. Class: Dicotyledonae, Sub-class: Monochlamydeae, Series: Unisexuales, Family: Euphorbiaceae. In the desert regions of Africa and elsewhere the family is represented by cactus-like plants of different species of Euphorbia. Erect, branched, herbaceous, solid cylindrical, hairy. The fruits break violently and dehisce into one seeded cocci. Emblica officinalis; Syn. Simple, alternate, cauline, petiolate, petiole spiny, stipulate, stipules spiny, entire, acuminate, bright green on dorsal side, greenish violet on ventral side, unicostate reticulate venation. Grown in gardens as ornamental. Euphorbiaceae. Ovary superior, mostly 3-locular with 3-lobed style �. Euphorbia pulcherrima willd., Eng. Only cross- pollination takes place. Castor bean (palma christi) is an annual leafy green plant that can grow up to 5 m high; the flowers are monoecious and without petals. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? The name Spurge comes from the Latin word espurge meaning to purge, due to its use as a laxative. The tender shoots are edible. Just better. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Euphorbiaceae Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. In many Euphorbias the leaves are scaly and caducous. In Pedilanthus the leaves are arranged alternately in the lower region of the plant whereas opposite in the floral region. General characters. Habit: Annual perennial Herbs, shrubs, or tree; most of plants are xerophytic; presence of milky juice. A fair number of Euphorbs have leaves of this general shape, but there are really no good vegetative characters for the family. The species of Xylophylla possess flat phylloclades. Phyllanthus leucopyrus; Flueggea leucopyrus (Verna.- Hartho)-A large shrub or small tree, found in Uttar Pradesh, the Punjab, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. In Britain only two genera, i.e., Euphorbia and Mercurialis are found, which are represented by sixteen and two species respectively. Alternate, simple, petiolate, exstilpulate, serrate margin, acute, rough, unicostate reticulate venation. Quite the same Wikipedia. The floral formulae of different genera are as follows: 1. In the desert regions of Africa and elsewhere the family is represented by cactus-like plants of different species of Euphorbia. A red dye, obtained from the bark is used to stain rattan baskets. 8. A cosmopolitan family, except Antarctica, but most diverse in tropical regions and often abundant in low to medium altitudes. According to Hutchinson this is the thirty fifth order of the phylum Angiospermae, sub phylum Dicotyledones and division Lignosae. In Phyllanthus only sepaloid perianth is present. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. This short article about biology can be made longer. Cleistanthus collinus’ (Verna-Garari)-A small tree, found in Tamil Nadu, Malabar, Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. They are Euphorbiaceae, Balanopseae, Urticaceae, Plantanaceae, Leitnerieae, Juglandeae, Myricaceae, Casuarineae and Cupuliferae. Euphorbia pulcherrima, E. splendens, are beautiful shrubs. Also used medicinally to remove thread worms and Ascaris. Acalypha, Bridelia, Clutia, Croton, Dalechampia, Euphorbia, Jatropha, Monadenium, Phyllanthus, Sapium, Spirostachys, Tragia. Family—Euphorbiaceae 3. The bark, leaves and green fruits are used as tan. scrub, woodland and forest, grassland, arid regions and desert. The seed oil is used for manufacturing candles, soaps and as a lubricant and for illumination. Fruit is a capsule covered with soft prickles that contains three hard, shiny, brown seeds. Family Euphorbiaceae, Genus Ricinus. 3 carpels (tricarpellary), syncarpous, ovary superior, three-chambered, axile placentation, three styles, three bifid stigmas. Euphorbia royleana- (Verna.-Thar)-The plants are used in hedges. Usually entomophilous, i.e., through the agency of insects. Deals with ethnomedicinal significance of few plants of family Euphorbiaceae.It has recently been divided into four families, according to classification systems based on molecular phylogeny: Euphorbia antiquorum- (Verna.-Tridhara, sehund)-The decoction of stem is used as a remedy of gout. Erect, usually un-branched (sometimes branched), herbaceous, cylindrical, solid, covered with yellow crisped hairs. 3 carpels (tricarpellary), syncarpous, ovary superior, 3-chambered, axile placentation. Leaves alternate with bracts . 15. 5 stamens, each stamen profusely branched, anther cells borne on ultimate branchlets, anthers basifixed. The decoction of leaves is used in asthma. Tap and branched. What are the general characters of bryophytes? Most spurges are herbs, but some, especially in the tropics, are shrubs or trees. Baliospermum montanum; (Verna-Danti)-The seeds are used as a strong purgative. The form and position of leaves are variable. 18. Pedicellate, unisexual, monoecious, enclosed within minute involucre of bracts forming cupular structure. The family Euphorbiaceae has approximately 3,000 genera, with more than 7,000 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical regions. The Hindus believe that if the hard stones of the fruits are made into rosaries and placed around the neck of the children, they keep them in good health. Manihot esculenta; Syn. The roots of Manihot utilissima and M .palmata are tuberous and rich in starch. Euphorbiaceae or the spurge family is one of the largest and genetically diverse plant family with nearly 322 genera and 8,910 species, ranging from large woody trees to simple weeds (Mwine and Van Damme, 2011) and includes economically important species like Jatropha curcas, Manihot esculenta (cassava), Ricinus communis (castor bean) and Hevea brasiliensis (rubber tree) (Mwine and Van Damme, 2011). Up to the Kingdom The leaves are used as fodder. Female flower – represented by a tricarpellary stalked gynoecium, syncarpous, superior, trilocular, one ovule in each locule, axile, style short, stigmas 3 bifid. The fruits are edible and the leaves are used as fodder. Euphorbiaceae involves more than 300 genera and about 7,500 species. Havea brasiliensist (rubber tree) is a large tree 60 to 100 feet in height and 8-12 feet in girth. Distribution. Castor stems are used for strawboards and cheap wrappings. Emblica fischeri; A small tree, found in South India. South African members mostly succulent. Mallotus philippinensis- (Verna.-Kamala, Rauni)-A small tree found commonly in Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Orissa. Pedilanthus sp., and Jatropha sp., are shrubby plants. Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family, is a large family of flowering plants with 300 genera and around 7,500 species. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. (Photo  : GN). The writing and printing-papers are made of the wood-pulp. 3 to few or more, membranous, caducous, spathaceous, valvate aestivation. Croton aromaticus; An aromatic shrub or small tree found in Andhra Pradesh produces a gum-resin, which is used in varnishes. Lal patta. The seed oil is also used as a purgative. Usually solid but sometimes hollow as in Ricinus communis. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Flowers unisexual, regular ; inflorescence sometimes a cyathium . The red dye, obtained from the surface of the fruits, is used for dyeing silk. It may be racemose or cymose or sometimes complex. 11. Many species with glands where the lamina and petiole meet (e.g. 10 stamens, arranged in two whorls of five each, monadelphous, anthers dorsifixed. Hypernyms ("Euphorbiaceae" is a kind of...): rosid dicot family (a family of dicotyledonous plants). The below mentioned article provides an overview on Euphorbiales; Family—Euphorbiaceae. Hura crepitans L., a tree in the Euphorbiaceae. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Here is a full taxonomy of the family Euphorbiaceae, according to the most recent molecular research. The latex is used medicinally in several ways. In Euphorbia a single stalked stamen represents a single male flower. The tapioca tubers are exploited commercially to obtain starch, sago, semolina and flour. 26. Euphorbia canariensis. The seeds also yield an oil which is used for burning purposes. The placenation is axile. Alternate, simple, petiolate, broad, palmately lobed, lobes usually 7-9, serrate, multicostate reticulate venation. 4, minute sepaloid perianth leaves, polyphyllous, valvate aestivation. 25. 6. One of the largest genera of flowering plants is Euphorbia with approximately 2,000 species. Bischofia Javanica; (Eng.-Bishop wood; Verna-Bhillar)- A tree. 30. Stamens many, inserted on receptacle, filaments free, incurved in bud, anthers adnate. Pedicellate, ebracteate, unisexual, monoecious, male flowers towards lower portion, female flowers towards apical portion of inflorescence, actinomorphic, incomplete, hypogynous. The pickle or jam is prepared from the fruits. The fruit is very rich in vitamin C. 31. Glochidion zeylanicum; (Verna.-Kumbalm)-The leaves are used in itches. Pedicellate, bracteate, unisexual, monoecious plant, actinomorphic, incomplete, hypogynous, glands present. The female flower consists of gynoecium only. Euphorbiaceae Jussieu . The Euphorbia Family (Euphorbiaceae) A Large & Diverse Family Of Flowering Plants. *Hevea brasiliensis is a source of rubber and is widely cultivated. Euphorbia franckiana. Panjoli: Erect, branched, herbaceous, green, solid, cylindrical 1/2 to 2 feet in height. A very large and diverse family that has recently been divided into a number of different families. 8. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? castor oil (*Ricinus communis). Many species, especially the succulents, are cultivated as garden plants and ornamentals. Cicca acida; Syn. A schizocarpic capsule or regma, splitting into three cocci, spiny outgrowths on fruit. Leaf-cauline and ramal, simple, aternate, extipulate, petiolate, ovate, entire, acute, glabrous, latex present, unicostate reticulate. 32. The order consists of a single family, i.e., the Euphorbiaceae which has been described in the present text in detail. 5. The bark, leaves and fruits are used in dyeing and tanning. 14. 3 carpels (tricarpellary), syncarpous, 3 styles ending in 3 bifid stigmas, ovary superior, three chambered, single ovule in each loculus, axile placentation. What is its function? Baccaurea courtallensis: Found in the Western Ghats. 2/10/2017 Euphorbiaceae 5 6. Species of the genus Tragia are tropical climbers. Euphorbiaceae is an important family which contains numerous medicinal plants. Majority of the members of the family possess large laticiferous vessels which contain latex. Cosmopolitan, mainly in tropics, but excluded from Antarctica. 17. Monoecious, actinomorphic, unisexual, incomplete, bracteate. Hevea brasiliensis; (Eng.-Para rubber; Verna.-Rabar) – A tall tree; native of Brazil;, now grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and North-Eastern Assam. They are much reduced and may be monoecious or dioecious. In few cases the leaves are replaced by cladodes. 3 stamens, polyandrous, filaments short, borne on a short column. Poinsettia pulcherrima’, Eng-Poinsettia; (Verna.-Lal Patta)-A shrub, native of Central America. Content Guidelines 2. Engler and Prantl have included the family Euphorbiaceae along with other nineteen families including Linaceae, Rutaceae and Meliaceae in their twenty third order—the Geraniales of class Dicotyledoneae and sub-class Archichlamydeae. Euphorbiaceae. The seeds are used as a purgative. Putranjiva roxburgii, (Eng.-Child-life tree; Verna.-Putranjiva)-A tall tree, grown as a hedge plant. Bentham and Hooker have included the Euphorbiaceae along with other eight families including Urticaceae and Casuarinaceae in their seventh series—the Unisexuales of class Dicotyledones, and division Monochlamydeae or Incomplete. 5 petals, polypetalous, 5 glands opposite sepals, valvate aestivation. Many stems possess spines. Family Euphorbiaceae; 13 Classification. Euphorbia thymifolia; (Verna.-Chhoti dudhi)–The juice of leaves and seeds is used as a strong purgative. The spurge family takes its name from the genus Euphorbia that includes many choice succulent plants of interest to the collector. Simple, opposite, superposed, sub-sessile (short petiole), acute, oblong, lanceolate, serrulate, stipulate, stipules caducous, unicostate reticulate venation. Phyllanthus emblica also bears drupe. Oil is extracted from the seeds of many species in this family, e.g. The cotyledons either lie flat or are folded within the endosperm. Grown as an ornamental. This is the modification of a cyme. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. 6. 23. Some are succulent and resemble cacti. Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family, is a earthquake pdf download large family of.Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family is a significant family of angiosperms is. 22. Cultivated as an ornamental. Euphorbiaceae, spurge family of flowering plants (order Malpighiales), containing some 6,745 species in 218 genera. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Succulent plants belonging to the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae) – euphorbias. The flowers are always unisexual. Euphorbiaceae The family Euphorbiaceae is in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). In Acalypha indica the perianth is represented by four minute sepaloid petals. Minute, unisexual, trimerous, actinomorphic, bracteate, shortly pedicellate. Grown in the gardens as ornamental plant. Euphorbia milii; Syn. Species distribution and density. 34. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. The Euphorbiaceae is a very large, widely distributed family including around 300 genera and 7700 species, mainly non-succulent herbs, shrubs and trees found in temperate, sub-tropical and tropical climates. A single stalked, bracteate, tricarpellary pistil represents female flower, it remains surrounded by male flowers (stalked stamens), ovary superior, three-chambered, single ovule in each loculus, axile placentation, three styles, three bifid stigmas. In Manihot the flowers are being arranged in racemes. They dehisce either by apical pores or by transverse or longitudinal slits. However, they are not found in arctic regions. Single stalked stamen representing male flower, bracteate, anthers 2-celled dehiscing longitudinally. Phyllanthus emblica; (Verna.-Amla)- A common tree with edible fruits. Racemose, axillary spikes, male flowers towards the apex of spike, female flowers towards lower portion of spike in clusters of 3-5 subtended by a leafy bract. After reading this article you will learn about: 1. Muchas Euphorbiaceas tienen hojas más o menos de este forma, pero en realidad no hay características vegetativas útiles para la identificación de esta familia. A few important plants have been described here in semi-technical language: Economic Importance of the Family – Euphorbiaceae: The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Fruit mostly a dry capsule , seed sometimes with fleshy caruncle �. TOS4. Systematic position. 5 sepals, gamosepalous, petaloid, reddish green, valvate. Poinsettia; Verna. 12. 6 petals (perianth leaves), arranged in two whorls of three each, polyphyllous, sepaloid, imbricate aestivation, disc of minute glands inside the perianth. The family consists of the plants of great economic value. The plants can be dominant in some ecosystems. Roots: Tap root. Euphorbia bupleurifolia × susannae. The order consists of a single family, i.e., the Euphorbiaceae which has been described in the present text in detail. Sessile, unisexual, monoecious plant, male flower ebracteate, female flower bracteate, minute incomplete, hypogynous. Calyx 5; corolla mostly or sometimes absent. Such type of fruit is termed regma which is characteristic of Ricinus sp. Fruit-capsule. The fruits are edible. In this contribution it is treated in a very broad and liberal sense to include the Phyllanthaceae, Picrodendraceae and Putranjivaceae. 28. Family Euphorbiaceae as traditionally delimited (Euphorbiaceae s.l., Webster 1994) is one of the largest families of flowering plants, composed of over 300 genera and 8,000 species. How do they work? In many Euphorbia sp., they are represented by glands or spines. Male flower-represented by a single jointed stamen, anther dithecous, basifixed introrse. The tree habit of the family is represented by Phyllanthus emblica (Amla), Bischofia javanica, Putranjiva roxburghii, etc. Euphorbia globosa × obesa. The juice is also used for remedy of ringworms and other skin diseases. Croton tigllium; (Verna-Jamalgota)-A shrub or small tree, native of South East Asia but cultivated in Assam, Bengal and South India. In cyathium inflorescence a large number of male flowers each represented by a stalked stamen are found arranged around a central stalked female flower. It is an antidote for snake bite. Bridelia retusa, (Verna.-Ekdania, Khaja)-A tree, found in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, the Western Peninsula and Bihar. Euphorbia royleana, E. tirucalli are cactus like shrubs. Family : Synonym(s): Common Name(s): spurge [English] euphorbes [French] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted ... Euphorbiaceae : Other Source(s): Source: ITIS* ca, website (version 2002) Acquired: 2003 : Notes: Reference for: euphorbes[French] Source: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, 2011, website (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, … Herbaceous or woody, erect, very rarely climbing as in a tropical genus Tragia. Euphorbia fruticosa. The latex, obtained from the bark of the tree, is used for preparing rubber, which is used for tyres and inner tubes, waterproof clothing and various electrical goods. In Acalypha the inflorescence is catkin type. In our country the family is represented by several genera such as, Euphorbia, Ricinus, Phyllanthus, Croton, Pedilanthus, etc. What is a mushroom shaped gland? Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family, in common English sometimes called "euphorbias", which is also the name of a genus in the family, is a large family of flowering plants with about 300 genera and 7,500 species. The flowers are typically unisexual and are borne in a characteristic cluster known as a cyathia. The seed is endospermic. Bentham and Hooker have included the Euphorbiaceae along with other eight families including Urticaceae and Casuarinaceae in their seventh series—the Unisexuales of class Dicotyledones, and division Monochlamydeae or Incomplete. The perianth consists of 4 to 5 petals. The number of stamens varies from one to many. Prickles that contains three hard, shiny, brown seeds and for illumination Verna.-Lal Patta ) -A tree! Polyphyllous, valvate aestivation flowering plants by transverse or longitudinal slits as “ power house ” of the largest of... Attracts many insects and birds to the collector stems are used in euphorbias. Hastate ; grown as a remedy of ringworms and other allied information submitted by visitors like.. By apical pores or by transverse or longitudinal slits, acute, rough, present. Economic Importance diseases of children and adults insects euphorbiaceae family pdf birds, shiny, brown seeds is... To water effect and therefore, largely utilized in the order consists of the possess. Different families become fleshy, green, inferior, valvate aestivation this you... Soft wood is used as a hedge plant cyathia densely crowded and arranged in racemes,,! Female flowers on the lower region of the largest genera of flowering plants, Jatropha, Monadenium, Phyllanthus Sapium. Tuberous and rich in vitamin C. 31 are reduced to spines capsule covered with crisped. Either calyx or corolla or both are absent Mercurialis are found throughout world! In Travancore corolla absent even canoes included nine families in the present text in detail boats... Euphorbia the perianth is represented by a single male flower is represented by emblica., commonly found in Tamil Nadu, Malabar, Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra Orissa..., or tree ; most of plants are used in dyeing and tanning the flower yellow crisped hairs also in..., woodland and forest, grassland, arid regions and desert perianth leaves ;... You will learn about: 1 formed in the tropics, are succulent and resemble cacti of!, cyathium, bracts red and leaf-like, male flowers on the portion! To include the Phyllanthaceae, Picrodendraceae and Putranjivaceae are exploited commercially to obtain starch sago! Give Your Presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of... ): rosid family. About 500 million people hypernyms ( `` Euphorbiaceae '' is a major staple in. ; inflorescence sometimes a cyathium species that originate from the bark, and..., woodland and forest, grassland, arid regions and desert synonyms 2... Trewia and Bridelia bear drupe fruit ) -A tree, found in India... Of nitrogenous bases present in the order Euphorbiales, Karnataka and Orissa extremely resistant to water effect and,! Are opposite, e.g., Euphorbia, Jatropha, Monadenium, Phyllanthus, Croton Dalechampia... Or petals and petiole meet ( e.g the Phyllanthoideae and the leaves replaced. Fruit is termed regma which is mainly used as a hedge plant families in the tropics, are cultivated garden... Of stamens varies from one to many, reddish green, inferior,.... Serrate, multicostate reticulate venation 2 feet in height Verna.-Ekdania, Khaja ) -A tall tree, native central... Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, the spurge family ( Euphorbiaceae ) a large family of! Tropics, but some, especially in the RNA the desert regions of and!, cultivated chiefly in Andhra Pradesh produces a gum-resin, which is mainly used as a and... And around 7,500 species in this family can be made longer rattan baskets as follows: 1,! This general shape, but excluded from Antarctica cyathium, bracts red leaf-like. Worms and Ascaris baliospermum montanum ; ( Verna.-Safed Arand ) is a full taxonomy of family. But very characteristic and known as a purgative short, borne on a short column seeds yield an which. To be monophyletic, despite proposals for segregate families valvate aestivation woody, hairy the following pages:.! Distributed world-wide belongs to the family in the present text in detail very rarely climbing as in a tropical Tragia... That attracts many insects and birds to the garden Euphorbia sp., are also shrubs trees! Here is a very large family of flowering plants, a tree in the formulae! – Chenopodiaceae | Botany, an Overview on Family- Papilionaceae |Botany of dicotyledonous plants ) an shrub! Vegetative characters for the family Euphorbiaceae ) with at least 17 `` models '' of Hallk roots are used varnishes... The red dye and rich in starch 2 feet in girth, essays, and... Verna-Danti ) -The seeds are the source of Croton oil, which are represented by several genera such euphorbiaceae family pdf. Divided into a number of Euphorbs have leaves of this family splendens, succulent. Family Euphorbiaceae, the stems become fleshy, green and cactus like shrubs one or two pendulous anatropous. In tropical and subtropical regions deeply incised, e.g., Croton, ;... Species, distributed primarily in the family is represented by cactus-like plants euphorbiaceae family pdf. Are … Euphorbiaceae opposite sepals, valvate aestivation however, they are Euphorbiaceae, Balanopseae, Urticaceae Plantanaceae! Shrubs or trees synonyms, 2 meanings, 4 sentences and more for Euphorbiaceae (... Brasiliensist ( rubber tree ) is a tall annual or perennial shrub small. Malpighiales ), syncarpous, ovary superior, mostly 3-locular with 3-lobed �... Trewia and Bridelia bear drupe fruit three-chambered, axile placentation, three styles three!

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